Law and Judicial Department was established in the year 1972 as soon as Mizoram became a Union Territory. Law and Judicial Department has been functioning as Secretariat and also akin to Directorate having separate budget provision. Parliamentary Affairs department was a part of Law and Judicial department but it was bifurcated from Law and Judicial department by creating a new department called “Parliamentary Affairs Department” on 30.10.1995. Consumer Affairs was also a part of Law and Judicial Department which was later on allotted to Food and Civil Supplies department as “Department of Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs” on 17.11.2004. Separation of Judiciary from Executive has been implemented in Mizoram with effect from 16.6.2005.
Before separation of Judiciary from Executive, Law and Judicial Department administers all our District offices directly and after separation, Law and Judicial Department has no direct control over District offices but they are now under the administrative control of the Gauhati High Court. However, the department still has a number of important role to play in the development and functioning of the subordinate judiciary in close co-ordination with the Gauhati High Court.